The Apache Tomcat Servlet/JSP Container

Apache Tomcat 7

Version 7.0.59, Jan 28 2015
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Top Level Elements




Nested Components

Cluster Elements



The Cluster Valve object

Table of Contents

A cluster valve is no different from any other Tomcat Valve. The cluster valves are interceptors in the invocation chain for HTTP requests, and the clustering implementation uses these valves to make intelligent decision around data and when data should be replicated.

A cluster valve must implement the org.apache.catalina.ha.ClusterValve interface. This is a simple interface that extends the org.apache.catalina.Valve interface.

The ReplicationValve will notify the cluster at the end of a HTTP request so that the cluster can make a decision whether there is data to be replicated or not.
className Set value to org.apache.catalina.ha.tcp.ReplicationValve
filter For known file extensions or urls, you can use this Valve to notify the cluster that the session has not been modified during this request and the cluster doesn't have to probe the session managers for changes. If the request matches this filter pattern, the cluster assumes there has been no session change. An example filter would look like filter=".*\.gif|.*\.js|.*\.jpeg|.*\.jpg|.*\.png|.*\.htm|.*\.html|.*\.css|.*\.txt" . The filter is a regular expression using java.util.regex.
primaryIndicator Boolean value, so to true, and the replication valve will insert a request attribute with the name defined by the primaryIndicatorName attribute. The value inserted into the request attribute is either Boolean.TRUE or Boolean.FALSE
primaryIndicatorName Default value is org.apache.catalina.ha.tcp.isPrimarySession The value defined here is the name of the request attribute that contains the boolean value if the session is primary on this server or not.
statistics Boolean value. Set to true if you want the valve to collect request statistics. Default value is false
In case of a mod_jk failover, the JvmRouteBinderValve will replace the jvmWorker attribute in the session Id, to make future requests stick to this node. If you want failback capability, don't enable this valve, but if you want your failover to stick, and for mod_jk not to have to keep probing the node that went down, you use this valve.
className org.apache.catalina.ha.session.JvmRouteBinderValve
enabled Default value is true Runtime attribute to turn on and off turn over of the session's jvmRoute value.
sessionIdAttribute Old sessionid before failover is registered in request attributes with this attribute. Default attribute name is org.apache.catalina.ha.session.JvmRouteOrignalSessionID.
The ClusterSingleSignOn supports feature of single sign on in cluster. By using ClusterSingleSignOn, the security identity authenticated by one web application is recognized by other web applications on the same virtual host, and it is propagated to other nodes in the cluster.

See the Single Sign On special feature on the Host element for more information.

Note: ClusterSingleSignOn can be configured at host level cluster only.


Java class name of the implementation to use. This MUST be set to org.apache.catalina.ha.authenticator.ClusterSingleSignOn.


Default false. Flag to determine whether each request needs to be reauthenticated to the security Realm. If "true", this Valve uses cached security credentials (username and password) to reauthenticate to the Realm each request associated with an SSO session. If "false", the Valve can itself authenticate requests based on the presence of a valid SSO cookie, without rechecking with the Realm.


Sets the host domain to be used for sso cookies.


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